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Background and Purpose
Cerebral aneurysms yield the risk of rupture, severe disability and death. Thus, early detection of cerebral aneurysms is crucial to ensure timely treatment, if necessary. AI-based software tools are expected to enhance radiologists‘ performance in detecting pathologies like cerebral aneurysms in the future. Our aim was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of an artificial intelligence–based software designed to detect intracranial aneurysms on TOF-MRA.
Materials and Methods
One hundred ninety-one MR imaging data sets were analyzed using the software mdbrain for the presence of intracranial aneurysms on TOF-MRA obtained using two 3T MR imaging scanners or a 1.5T MR imaging scanner according to our clinical standard protocol. The results were compared with the reading of an experienced radiologist as a criterion standard to measure the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of the software. Additionally, detection rates depending on size, morphology, and location of the aneurysms were evaluated.
Fifty-four aneurysms were detected by the expert reader. The overall sensitivity of the software for the detection of cerebral aneurysms was 72.6%, the specificity was 87.2%, and the accuracy was 82.6%. The positive predictive value was 67.9%, and the negative predictive value was 88.5%. We observed a sensitivity of 100% for saccular aneurysms of >5 mm without signs of thrombosis and low detection rates for fusiform or thrombosed aneurysms of 33.3% and 16.7%, respectively. Of 8 aneurysms that were not included in the initial written reports but were detected by the expert reader, retrospectively, 4 were detected by the software.
Our data suggest that the software can assist radiologists in reporting TOF-MRA. The software was highly reliable in detecting saccular aneurysms, while for fusiform or thrombosed aneurysms, further improvements are needed. Further studies are necessary to investigate the impact of the software on detection rates, interrater reliability, and reading times.